University of chicago dating study
But because of the potential for alcohol to be abused, Neafsey and Collins do not recommend that abstainers begin drinking.
The researchers note that there are other things besides moderate drinking that can reduce the risk of dementia, including exercise, education and a Mediterranean diet high in fruits, vegetables, cereals, beans, nuts and seeds.
Moderate drinkers were 23 percent less likely to develop cognitive impairment or Alzheimer's disease and other forms of dementia. But this finding was based on a relatively small number of studies, because most papers did not distinguish among different types of alcohol. "But moderate drinking -- if it is truly moderate -- can be beneficial." Moderate drinking is defined as a maximum of two drinks per day for men and 1 drink per day for women.
Collins, Ph D., professors in the Department of Molecular Pharmacology and Therapeutics.
Neafsey and Collins suggest a third possible explanation: Small amounts of alcohol might, in effect, make brain cells more fit.
Among the studies reviewed, 74 papers calculated the ratios of risk between drinkers and non-drinkers, while 69 papers simply stated whether cognition in drinkers was better, the same or worse than cognition in nondrinkers.
Neafsey and Collins did a meta-analysis of the studies that calculated risk ratios and found that moderate drinkers were 23 percent less likely to develop dementia or cognitive decline.
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found that spanked children are more likely to commit dating violence later in life.
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